From this CPD module you will learn:
- What the menopause is
- The causes of early menopause
- How symptoms are managed non-pharmacologically and pharmacologically
- Information and advice about hormone replacement therapy treatment that pharmacists and prescribers can provide
Download a printable PDF of this module – including the five-minute test – here.
Menopause is described as when menstruation ceases permanently in a woman’s life and when there are no more follicles or eggs produced (loss of ovarian follicular activity). The menopause is a natural stage in life and is clinically confirmed 12 months after the last period. In the UK, the mean age of menopause is 51 years.(1)
There is a phase before the menopause that is known as perimenopause. This is where ovulation and