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Menopause: symptoms, treatment and patient counselling

Menopause: symptoms, treatment and patient counselling

From this CPD module you will learn:

  • What the menopause is
  • The causes of early menopause
  • How symptoms are managed non-pharmacologically and pharmacologically
  • Information and advice about hormone replacement therapy treatment that pharmacists and prescribers can provide

Download a printable PDF of this module – including the five-minute test – here.

Take the exam

Menopause is described as when menstruation ceases permanently in a woman’s life and when there are no more follicles or eggs produced (loss of ovarian follicular activity). The menopause is a natural stage in life and is clinically confirmed 12 months after the last period. In the UK, the mean age of menopause is 51 years.(1)

There is a phase before the menopause that is known as perimenopause. This is where ovulation and

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