Contractors took measures ranging from closing or selling a pharmacy (13% of respondents) to withholding staff pay rises (61%) this year to help their businesses survive ongoing funding issues.
C+D's infographic illustrates how pharmacy owners in England are coping with the huge financial challenges facing the sector.
The survey received data from 46 contractors in England from October 1 to November 14.
Read about contractors' personal income drop here.
The C+D Salary Survey 2019 – the largest UK survey of community pharmacy, and the biggest in the survey's 12-year history – ran between October 1 and November 14 and was completed by a total of 2,556 pharmacists and pharmacy staff. C+D's ongoing coverage from the survey can be found on our dedicated hub.
The number of contractor respondents from Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland was too small for C+D to conduct a similar analysis in these three countries.