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‘How we made a private allergy testing service work in our pharmacy’

Hughes Pharmacy offers private blood tests for allergies and intolerances (credit: Kenneth Allen)
Hughes Pharmacy offers private blood tests for allergies and intolerances (credit: Kenneth Allen)

Contractor Paul Hughes tells C+D about the private allergy testing service he launched in response to demand from local patients

We are the only locally owned pharmacy in Enniskillen, Northern Ireland. My family has owned the pharmacy for 61 years, and all the team are local and work towards improving the health of their community.

For the last four years, we at Hughes Pharmacy have been working with a private company called Dr Acumed, which specialises in acupuncture and complementary medicine. In the last year, we have started allergy and intolerance testing, following a request from a patient who was covered in a rash neither their GP nor their dermatologist could find an answer for.

We brought in a professional therapist who was able to test for up to 1,000 allergens and discovered two different food sources that the patient was allergic to. This service is now part of our regular portfolio.

How the service works

The pharmacy holds these clinics three or four times throughout the year. Due to the positive feedback and experiences of patients following the test, the clinics are very popular, and the demand for appointments is always very high.

Patients who wish to have an allergy assessment have two options (see below) – and can also have a follow-up treatment therapy if they are found to have an allergy or other condition.

Dr Acumed is full of praise for the proficient staff in Hughes pharmacy – and the fantastic staff in all community pharmacies where they hold clinics – for their cooperation and effective management of patients’ appointments. Our staff are briefed on the test options available well in advance of an appointment, and this means they have sufficient knowledge of what is involved and are confident handling any questions about the test.

The allergy tests

We offer two testing services in the pharmacy [neither* of which are recommended by Nice]: a blood test or a biomedical screening test. The cost ranges from £75 to £90.

Finger prick blood test

The blood test involves taking a sample from the arm or finger, using a lancet and a finger prick blood collection wand system. The sample is posted off to the laboratory, where it is analysed for immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibody reactions against 150 food and drink ingredients. The blood test takes 10 to 20 minutes, and the results are generally available within five to seven days.

The biomedical screening test is an assessment based on the theory of utilising acupuncture pressure points on the fingers or toes to measure resistance in the body to over 1,000 allergens. The patient holds a probe against an acupuncture point on the patient’s finger or toe, and holds an electrode in their other hand. It takes 30 to 40 minutes to take the non-intrusive, pain-free test and the results are available immediately.

Patients also receive information as part of an elimination plan on items they need to avoid, as well as guidance notes on replacement food and even recipes – for example, for gluten-free bread – to introduce into their diet.

What else can we test for?

We can also test for other allergens, such as pet hair. Patients can bring along a sample of their pet’s hair and we can check it for allergic reactions on our system. The same applies to any item or substance that may be a potential allergen.

Some examples come to mind: including a female patient who was found to be intolerant to peppermint. She quickly realised she was constantly vomiting because she was on a peppermint tablet to treat symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome.  

Another patient presented with a rash on her face, and was found to be intolerant to formaldehyde – which she was coming into contact with because her husband was an undertaker and had traces of the allergen on his clothes.

Likewise, a farmer was found to have candidiasis and high readings for the heavy metals lead, chromium and mercury. He was spraying pesticides on his farm without using a mask.

We can also check whether e-cigarettes, which may contain harmful toxic substances, are causing an allergic reaction. Some of the adverse effects patients have come to be tested for are dry cough, dry eyes, headache, ‘vaper’s tongue’ – a dulling of the taste-buds – and dehydration.

After completing the assessment, we ask them a series of questions, and anyone who tells us they use e-cigarettes can have the substance in their device tested against them. To date, we have found most users to be allergic to the contents of the e-cigarettes they are using. We also offer a smoking cessation service in the pharmacy.

What’s our pharmacy take?

Often we feel like playing the role of a detective – having to delve into a person’s livelihood, occupation or leisure activities in an effort to determine what might be the source of an allergy or irritant – which is often not so obvious. The pharmacy continues to evolve with the changing environment, and that means offering services tailor-made for the differing health needs of its patients and customers.

What does Nice recommend for allergy testing?

NICE logo

The National Institute for health and Clinical Excellence (Nice) has produced a range of recommendations for allergy testing services. Its quality standards on food allergy, published in March 2016, which covers both children and adults, says: “People whose allergy‑focused clinical history suggests an IgE‑mediated food allergy [should be] offered skin prick or blood tests for IgE antibodies to the suspected food allergens and likely co‑allergens.”

Nice also states: “People whose allergy‑focused clinical history suggests a non‑IgE‑mediated food allergy, and who have not had a severe delayed reaction, [should be] offered a trial elimination of the suspected allergen and subsequent reintroduction.”

It does not recommend either serum-specific IgG testing or electroacupuncture devices, such as those offered by Hughes Pharmacy, in the diagnosis of food allergy on the NHS.

 

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The Nasacort UK retail price for the 30 dose spray is £5.17. Contact your Sanofi representative to order. 

 

*This sentence has been amended to clarify that neither serum-specific IgG testing or electroacupuncture devices are recommended by Nice

1 Comments
Question: 
Would you consider hosting an allergy testing service in your pharmacy?

Margaret O'doherty, Community pharmacist

If this pharmacy was a few miles away in the Republic of Ireland regulated by the PSI they wouldn't be able to offer this service, http://www.thepsi.ie/tns/news/latest-news/18-01-29/Food_intolerance_tests_should_not_be_offered_by_pharmacists.aspx

Food intolerance tests should not be offered by pharmacists

January 29, 2018

The PSI, the pharmacy regulator, has informed pharmacists that they should not offer food intolerance testing services to diagnose food intolerance

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