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GP: Here are two potential problems with primary care networks

"It makes sense for some patients who would have presented to a GP to be seen by a pharmacist"

Primary care networks could mark a new age where patients see the right person, but there are two problems that need to be addressed, says GP Toni Hazell

Networks are the current hot topic in primary care – it’s impossible to miss them. The outcome of the GP contract negotiations for 2019-20 encourages all practices to join with others to form a primary care network (PCN). These networks will each cover 50,000 patients and funding will flow through them.

I qualified as a GP in 2004 and moved to my current practice under a scheme designed to counteract difficulties in GP recruitment. 15 years on, little seems to have changed, with GP numbers falling and ongoing recruitment difficulties. In the context of these difficulties, and with many presentations to general practice being for minor ailments – for which a pharmacist’s expertise is valuable – NHS England has pledged to “further upskill” pharmacists to provide care for some patients who would have otherwise presented to general practice.

PCNs all over the country are advertising for pharmacists to fill these roles. It makes sense for some patients who would have presented to a GP to be seen by a pharmacist instead. Pharmacists are highly trained and capable of managing minor illness, while also being able to spot patients who actually need to see a doctor.

So far, so sensible. But, there are two main issues. The first is that it is all being done in a huge hurry. Traditionally, changes in the GP contract have been announced a year or so in advance, giving GP principals time to plan. All of the network-related administrative work has to be done in the time when GPs aren’t seeing patients, time that is generally already filled with paperwork and practice development.

In this instance, PCNs were announced in early January and are meant to be in place by July.This is a much shorter timeframe, one that has left many GPs feeling they have to make important decisions in a rush. This means that PCNs all over the country will be looking for pharmacists to fill these roles, and they are often struggling to find them. After all, the job centres weren’t previously full of pharmacists twiddling their thumbs.

NHS England and the General Practitioners Committee are working together to plan a new course that will better equip pharmacists for these roles – but with the first cohort of pharmacists potentially starting their five-year integrated education programme in March 2020, this isn’t a short-term solution.

The second problem is the perennial one of who takes final responsibility for the decisions made by non-doctor healthcare professionals. The extra roles that are coming along with networks are meant to reduce workload pressures on GPs, which is a laudable aim, and one that a prescribing pharmacist can certainly achieve.

But with a shortage of staff who are trained to prescribe, there is a significant risk that pharmacist consultations will end with a long list of things for the GP to do. If I’m signing the prescription, and taking the medicolegal responsibility for it, then I have to review the decision-making process, and all of a sudden the new member of staff has increased my workload rather than reducing it.

It will be interesting to see how this pans out over the next few years. As the GP recruitment crisis seems unlikely to abate, this could be the start of a new age of primary care, where each patient is seen by the right healthcare professional, who makes their own decisions and takes ultimate responsibility for the consequences of those decisions. Or, it could be the start of a disastrous era of healthcare professionals being asked to work outside the level of their competence, and GPs being expected to be a risk sink for all their decisions.

Let’s keep our fingers crossed for the former and try to avoid the latter.

Toni Hazell is a GP based in a practice in London

4 Comments

Richard Judge, Manager

The PCN's should be working with pharmacies to commission services through the existing pharmacy networks (LPC's) rather than simply employing pharmacists as cheaper prescribers than doctors.

Chemical Mistry, Information Technology

And that's why they Pharmacist has DMP since not enough doctor to do it and will get poorly trained prescribers since not enough experienced IP practitioners just a quick fix and pharmacy bodies need to wake up to now like the PDA are saying or will disaster for the profession

Mahesh Sodha, Superintendent Pharmacist

Absolutely right!! Set up in a hurry the PCNs have a huge workload to establish and recruit suitable clinicians. Yes there will definitely be aproblem recruiting the right calibre of pharmacists who have post graduate clinical qualifications and are independent prescribers. The politics remain the same. The first pharmacist indepencent prescribers qualified in 2007. NHS and all the politicians in the professional bodies failed to support their use with funding. Now the cohort of young pharmnacists are being trained with a 18 month pathway. Many are excellent and many new ones will become very good. However, it will be a few years of experience before they can make good clinical decisons to manage a case load. Sadly many recuits still do not have a patient facing role in the GP surgeries. Had the CCGs and the politicians within CCG used the 2007 qulaified wisely we would have a cohort of exeperienced and well trained pharmacists to take this head on.

 

 

Chemical Mistry, Information Technology

tSee PDA article regarding Practice Pharmacist more sense from the pharmacy body that's speak to pharmacist's whatever there role unlike some 

 

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