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Diabetic complications

Diabetic complications

This module covers:


● Acute and chronic complications of diabetes

● Hyper- and hypoglycaemia, neuropathy, retinopathy, nephropathy, cardiovascular disease and stroke

● Management of complications of diabetes

● Advice community pharmacists can give to help manage complications that may arise and reduce the risk of them occurring


Download this module - this now also includes the 5 minute test - here


Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a disorder characterised by varying degrees of insulin hyposecretion or insensitivity, resulting in raised blood glucose (BG) levels, routinely measured using Boehringer Mannheim (BM) sticks.


There are four known types of DM with differing pathophysiology: type 1 (T1DM), type 2 (T2DM), secondary diabetes and gestational diabetes. This article focuses on complications of T1DM and T2DM.


Since 1996, the number of cases of diabetes diagnosed in the

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