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HIV: symptoms and causes

HIV: symptoms and causes

From this pharmacy CPD module on the symptoms and causes of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) you will learn about:

  • The causes of HIV infection
  • How the infection is recognised
  • The life cycle of HIV virus and the stages of infection
  • Diagnosis and testing for HIV infection

Download this module - this includes the 5 minute test - here.

HIV is a retrovirus – its genetic material is encoded in ribonucleic acid (RNA) and this must be reverse-transcribed into deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) by viral reverse-transcriptase before replication occurs. It causes a chronic viral infection with no available cure or vaccine, and its management remains drug-focused.

How is HIV spread?

Because of its similarities with simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV), HIV is thought to originally have been transmitted to humans from monkeys and apes

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